COLOMBO CITY WALK - Red Mosque (1)

The Rich History of Sri Lankan Mosques

Sri Lanka, an island nation in South Asia, has a rich tapestry of religious and cultural diversity. Among its many religious sites, the mosques of Sri Lanka stand out, reflecting centuries of Islamic history, architecture, and community life(Sri Lankan Mosques). The story of these mosques is intertwined with the broader history of Islam on the island, which dates back over a millennium.

 Early History of Islam in Sri Lanka

The oldest mosque in SriLanka

Islam was introduced to Sri Lanka by Arab traders as early as the 7th century. These traders established settlements along the coastal regions, particularly in the eastern and southern parts of the island. Their presence not only facilitated the spread of Islam but also led to the establishment of mosques as centers of worship and community gathering.

The Oldest Mosques

1. Beruwala Mosque (Masjid-ul-Abrar)**: Believed to be one of the oldest mosques in Sri Lanka, the Beruwala Mosque was established in the 10th century. Beruwala, located on the southwestern coast, was a significant port city where Arab traders first settled. The mosque stands as a testament to the early Islamic presence on the island.

2. Ketchimalai Mosque**: Located in the western coastal town of Beruwala, Ketchimalai Mosque is another ancient mosque, thought to have been built by Arab traders. The mosque is perched on a hill overlooking the Indian Ocean, providing a serene and picturesque setting for worshippers.

Architectural Marvels – Sri Lankan Mosques

The architecture of Sri Lankan mosques is a blend of Arab, Indian, and indigenous influences. Over the centuries, these mosques have evolved to reflect the changing architectural styles and the diverse cultural influences on the island.

Sri Lankan Mosques

1. Red Mosque (Jami Ul-Alfar Mosque)**: Located in the bustling Pettah area of Colombo, the Red Mosque is an iconic landmark. Built in 1908, it is renowned for its distinctive red and white candy-striped exterior. The mosque’s design is a blend of Indo-Saracenic and Neo-Gothic architectural styles, making it one of the most photographed buildings in Colombo.

2. Galle Fort Mosque**: Situated within the historic Galle Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site, this mosque dates back to the 18th century. The fort itself is a testament to Sri Lanka’s colonial past, having been built by the Portuguese and later expanded by the Dutch. The mosque’s simple yet elegant design reflects the blend of colonial and Islamic architectural elements.

Mosques and the Muslim Community

Mosques in Sri Lanka are not just places of worship but also serve as community centers. They play a vital role in the social, cultural, and educational lives of Sri Lankan Muslims. During Ramadan, mosques come alive with nightly prayers (Taraweeh), community iftars (breaking of the fast), and various religious activities. Additionally, mosques often run madrasas (Islamic schools), where children and adults alike receive religious education.

Modern-Day Challenges and Preservation

In recent years, Sri Lankan mosques have faced various challenges, including political and social tensions. Despite these challenges, efforts to preserve and maintain these historical sites continue. Many mosques have undergone renovations to restore their original splendor while accommodating the needs of contemporary worshippers.


The mosques of Sri Lanka are not only places of spiritual significance but also cultural and historical landmarks. They tell the story of the island’s Islamic heritage and the contributions of the Muslim community to the nation’s rich and diverse history. Visiting these mosques offers a glimpse into the past and an appreciation of the architectural beauty and cultural significance that these structures hold.